The Minamata Convention on Mercury seeks to protect human health and the environment from the anthropogenic emissions and releases of mercury and mercury compounds.
Globally, mercury amalgamation in ASGM results in the discharge of at least 650 to 1,000 tonnes of mercury per annum with as much as 300 tonnes of mercury per annum being volatilized directly to the atmosphere, and 700 tonnes discharged into soil, rivers and lakes.
The UNEP Global Mercury Assessment (2013) states that mercury pollution originating from East and Southeast Asia accounts for about 50% of the global total anthropogenic mercury emissions to the atmosphere. In the same report, ASGM (artisanal and small-scale gold mining) is identified as the major contributor to global mercury emissions at 37%.
Indonesia has ratified the Minamata Convention on Mercury through Law No. 11/2017. Ratification of the Minamata Convention on Mercury by the Government of Indonesia (GOI) in 2018 shows that the GOI has made a commitment to minimize the environmental and health impacts from mercury use. Hence, the GOI is required to develop and implement a national action plan for the fulfillment of Minamata Convention’s provisions, namely “Development of Minamata Initial Assessment (MIA) and National Action Plan for Artisanal and Small-Scale Gold Mining in Indonesia (NAP ASGM). ”
The executing agency of the MIA-NAP ASGM project is the Ministry of Environment and Forestry, Republic of Indonesia. The Basel and Stockholm Conventions Regional Centre for South East Asia in Indonesia (BCRC-SEA and SCRC Indonesia) assists the MOEF in the implementation of the project. This project is funded by the Global Environment Fund (GEF) through the United Nations Environment (UN Environment) as the GEF Implementing Agency.
The goal of the MIA and NAP ASGM development is to contribute to the implementation of the Minamata Convention through the reduction of the risks posed by the unsound use, management and releases of mercury, in particular in the ASGM sectors. This activity is part of the MIA-NAP ASGM project, particularly the development of NAP ASGM.
Baseline estimates are required in Annex C of the Convention, and are a key early step in the development of the National Action Plan (NAP) ASGM process. Such baseline information is necessary to design the rest of the NAP ASGM, including setting objectives and goals, and developing implementation and evaluation strategies.
The National Overview of ASGM in Indonesia will rely on a variety of baseline information that includes: local and regional estimates of mercury utilization, gold production, mining and processing practices at representative sites, workforce size and composition, environmental and health impacts, socio-economic impacts, and existing policy and regulations on ASGM.
Therefore, in support of the GOI’s intention to develop a National Action Plan for Mercury, it is necessary to conduct deep inventory at selected sites in order to provide the baseline estimates for the ‘National Overview of ASGM Report’ for Indonesia. The ‘National Overview of ASGM in Indonesia Report’ for will then be used further for development of NAP ASGM by the GOI.
Consultant shall be retained to assist BCRC-SEA in conducting the deep inventory in the selected ASGM sites and report findings as ‘National Overview of ASGM in Indonesia Report’ in accordance with the Global Mercury Partnership template for the National Action Plan on ASGM.
To undertake deep inventory in selected sites in order to provide the baseline estimates for the ‘National Overview of ASGM in Indonesia Report.’
1. To study the guidance documents provided for each of the 4 (four) research components : technical and environmental, health, socio-economic and policy and regulatory status.
2. To conduct research planning including developing detail aspects to be researched of each of the 4 (four) components.
3. To conduct preparation for deep inventory at the selected sites including preliminary survey, engaging in close communication and cooperation with local government and stakeholders and provision of necessary equipment for sampling
4. To conduct deep inventory for the 4 components in the selected ASGM sites through survey, environmental and health sampling, direct interviews with local stakeholders and analyse samples in accredited laboratory/es.
5. To analyse results of the deep inventory and report findings as baselines estimates using the reporting framework for the ‘National Overview of ASGM’ in accordance with the Global Mercury Partnership template for the National Action Plan on ASGM (http://wedocs.unep.org/handle/20.500.11822/22359)
6. To identify knowledge gaps and recommendation for the future update and improvement of the national overview of ASGM and baseline estimates.
The consultant will work in close communication and consult with the MOEF and BCRC-SEA & SCRC Indonesia throughout the project.
IV. EXPECTED OUTPUTS
– Research planning including detail aspects to be researched of each of the 4 (four) components.
– Deep inventory results of the 4 (four) components in selected ASGM sites and analysis of the results.
– Development of ‘National Overview of ASGM in Indonesia Report’ based on the deep inventory results as baseline estimates in accordance with the Global Mercury Partnership template for the National Action Plan on ASGM
– Identification of knowledge gaps and recommendation for the future update and improvement of the national overview of ASGM and baseline estimates
1. Technical and Environmental Baseline: the NAP Global Component’s ‘Suite of Tools’ comprising the ASGM Toolkit, Mobile Data Collection Tool, and the Map-X Platform.
2. Health: UNEP and WHO guidance documents from NAP Global Component.
3. Socio-Economic: UNITAR’s methodology for Qualitative Socio-Economic ASGM Study.
4. Policy and Regulatory: Guidance documents as provided by NAP Global Component.
The duration of the project is 4 (four) months.
VII. WORK PLAN
Selection of the consultant team : January 2020
Contract signing : February 2020
2. Research planning : February 2020
3. Preparation for deep inventory at selected ASGM sites : February 2020
4. Deep inventory of the 4 (four) components at selected ASGM sites: technical and environmental, health, socio-economic and policy and regulatory status : March – April 2020
5. Analysis of the deep inventory results and preparation of ‘National Overview of ASGM in Indonesia Report’ : May 2020
VIII. REPORT SUBMISSION AND DEADLINE
1. Research planning report by February 2020
2. National Overview of ASGM in Indonesia Report by April 2020
3. Identification of knowledge gaps and recommendation for the future update and improvement of the national overview of ASGM and baseline estimates by May 2020
All reports will be provided in English and Indonesian.
IX. LOCATION OF FIELDWORK
6 (six) ASGM sites have been selected for the deep inventory to establish the technical and environmental, health, socio-economic and policy and regulatory status baseline as follows:
1. Mandailing Natal, Sumatra Utara
2. Tasikmalaya, Jawa Barat
3. Mangkahui, Kalimantan Tengah
4. Tanoyan, Sulawesi Utara
5. Pulau Obi, Maluku Utara
6. Taliwang, Nusa Tenggara Barat
X. QUALIFICATIONS AND EXPERIENCE
– University degree in areas of environmental/chemical or related subject
– Post graduate degree would be considered as an advantage
– Having experience in ASGM research and study
– Familiar with international convention related with environment management
– Proficiency in written and oral English
– Good communication skills